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Abstract: Particle swarm optimization (PSO ) is an effective & reliable evolutionary based approach .
Yuhui Shi and Russell Eberhart "A modified particle swarm optimizer" 0- 7803-4869-9198 0.0001998 IEEE.
Finite element analysis is a method to computationally model reality in a mathematical form to better understand a highly complex problem. it is a method of determine the most efficient, low cost & reliable operation of a power system by dispatching the available electricity generation resources to supply the load on the system.
Abstract: Analysis of the robot hand was analyzed using dedicated software for FEM analysis. in ANSYS, the geometry was updated and the structure meshed using 3D elements. Economic Load Dispatch(ELD) is one of important tasks which provide an economic condition for a power system.
The organism requires minimal set of functional genes for its survival. Bateman A, Birney E, Cerruti L (2002).‖The Pfam Protein Families Database‖. Two kinds of improved evolution rules are proposed to replace the rule in regular cellular genetic algorithm, in which null cells are considered to the foods of individuals in population and the maximum of living individuals in cellular space is limited by their food.
The small sized outlet ports of the cylinders resist the flow of discharged oil; and as a result the piston motion is slowed down.
Stukenbrock, "Toward maximum flexibility in working machinery, iht control in a mecalac excavator," 2004. Yao, "Energy-saving control of singlerod hydraulic cylinders with programmable valves and improved working mode selection," 2002. Eriksson, "Control Strategy for Energy Efficient Fluid Power Actuators: Utilizing Individual Metering," SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University, 2007. There are various field of power system in which PSO is successfully applied.
(April 2003), "Nanometer stepping drives of surface acoustic wave motor", IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 50, IEEE, pp. Due to its higher quality solution including mathematical simplicity, fast convergence & robustness it has become popular for many optimization problems.
This causes a lot of heat generation and energy loss within the actuators.
The study investigates and analyzes the possibilities of reducing the hydraulic resistance and increasing efficiency of the hydraulic actuator.